Tooth nerve pain can be caused by trauma, severe decay, or impacted teeth, and it leads to numbness or loss of feeling in the mouth.
When one thinks of dental problems, the first thing that comes to mind is bad breath, cavities, and loss of teeth. But a common yet clinically neglected dental problem is tooth nerve pain which leads to facial numbness and loss of taste.
The cause for such pain is either infection or tooth decay at the tip of the root. This happens when the nerve inside a tooth becomes infected or inflamed. Pain in various areas of the mouth is the most common symptom of dental nerve damage. This pain can move from one area to another and may even get worse with time. Also, you may feel a tingling or numbness in your face or lips.
If the dental nerve pain is caused by infection, you may have bad breath and dental cavities. Neglecting the tooth nerve pain can further worsen the situation, leading to tenderness in the gums. Your teeth may become loose and easily come out when you are brushing or flossing them.
Dental nerve pain is a common symptom of periodontal disease. However, it can also be caused by an injury or trauma to the teeth.
It could also indicate a problem with dental pulp, which is one of the components of your tooth. The pulp can become infected because of repeated dental procedures that affect the nerves.
Treatments of tooth nerve pain depend on the severity of the problem. Two forms of treatments are offered; pulpotomy and root canal. If you have mild cavities, the dentist may use teeth fillings to repair the damage.
Our dentist may recommend a pulpotomy if the trauma or decay is localized. Pulpotomy is a procedure that allows treats decayed teeth. The procedure is mostly done on children with infected primary teeth. Why treat the baby’s teeth? This is because they hold the space for the permanent ones.
The nerve injury treatment process begins with numbing the soft gum tissues. The dentist will isolate the affected tooth with an absorbent sheet to ensure that the pulp is not infected.
The pulp chamber is opened and the infected area is cleaned. This procedure only removes the visible part of the crown that is affected, and the pulp chamber and the canals are left intact. However, if the chamber is filled with pus, the dentist will stop the procedure. In this case, a pulpectomy (root canal therapy) or tooth extraction are considered suitable treatment options.
Once the damage is removed, the dentist will seal the area and use a stainless steel crown to cover it.
If the tooth nerve is affected or the pulp cavity is severely infected, the dentist can perform a pulpectomy. A pulpectomy or root canal is performed by removing the pulp canal and all affected soft tissues, which often requires complete extraction of the tooth.
The pulpectomy procedure begins with the numbing of the tooth nerve using an anesthetic. Once numb, the dentist will open the pulp cavity to remove all diseased pulp tissue and replace it with gutta-percha [a rubber-like material]. The gutta-percha is then shaped to fit and placed in the tooth’s root canal. Dye or antibiotics can be added to the chamber to prevent future infection. The dentist then seals the tooth, ready for a crown or inlay if necessary.
You may experience pain, soreness, bleeding, and swelling after the pulpectomy procedure. These problems will, however, clear after a couple of days. You can use home remedies and the medication prescribed by the dentist to ease pain and prevent infection.
It is important to seek immediate dental treatment when you notice nerve pain. However, you can ease the pain with home remedies by using oral products designed for sensitive mouths. This will help to ease the sensitivity and pain, making it easy to eat and drink.
Visit Golnick Pediatric Dentistry if your child is experiencing lingering tooth pain for an assessment and treatment.