Nerve compression syndrome can occur when a nerve gets squeezed or compacted. Usually, it occurs in a single location in the torso, limbs, and extremities being affected the most. People suffering from this problem can experience pain, numbness, and muscle weakness on a particular site.
This is a problem that is caused by repetitive injuries but medical conditions like diabetes, hyperthyroidism, and rheumatoid arthritis can also contribute to the problem. Nerve compression syndrome is also identified as:
Different varieties of nerve compression syndromes have been identified with each affecting a different peripheral nerve. Some of the most common types of nerve compression generals include the following:
This is the most common type of nerve compression syndrome and occurs when the median nerve in the wrist is compressed. The median nerve extends from the upper arm to the but passes through a structure known as the carpal tunnel at the wrist. Excessive pressure on the wrist and cause swelling leading to carpal tunnel syndrome.
This is the second most common among nerve compression syndrome. It is also known as ulnar neuropathy and occurs when they are not nerve gets compressed at the elbow. The ulnar nerve is responsible for the transition you feel when you hit your funny bone. It passes near the skin at the elbow and putting too much pressure can cause swelling in the elbow leading to ulnar tunnel syndrome.
If you are affected by nerve compression you will begin to display nerve compression symptoms which may vary according to the type of nerve compression syndrome and location. The symptoms occur at the site of the compression and sometimes even in the surrounding areas and structures. Some of the common symptoms that are associated with this condition include the following:
Nerve Damage will be diagnosed by your doctor who will first assess your symptoms. The doctor may use a physical examination and even diagnostic tests to identify the nerve damage. Some of the tests used to diagnose the rarer forms of nerve damage include nerve conduction tests, electromyography, MRI, and ultrasound. Diagnostic tests are not always required for carpal tunnel and cubital tunnel syndrome. However, if performed they may provide helpful information about the location of the compression as well as the severity of the condition.
The treatment for nerve compression syndrome can begin with lifestyle changes and non-invasive therapies. The symptoms can also be eased by treating an underlying condition that could be causing this problem. Surgery may be required in severe cases of nerve damage.
The first line of sciatica nerve treatment also consists of nonsurgical methods that can be used as needed. The treatments may include heat therapy, pain medications, and cold treatment. It has been observed that applying ice or cold packs to the lower back can reduce the swelling around the sciatic nerve besides numbing the nerve to reduce pain.
Making lifestyle changes by avoiding certain movements that are painful, adopting ergonomic strategies at home or at work or even changing job duties may improve some of the symptoms of nerve damage. In some cases, the cause for nerve damage is obesity and losing weight can be beneficial in improving the symptoms.
Physical therapy is also helpful because the physical therapist can help to improve the flexibility, strength, and range of motion in the affected area. Physical therapy may also help to relieve nerve pain symptoms and numbness.
Toothache painkillers like ibuprofen can also help to relieve the symptoms of nerve damage. However, the prescription provided will depend upon the severity of the condition and doctors may decide to inject corticosteroids directly around the nerve.
Splints or braces may also help to avoid putting pressure on the nerve in some cases and the doctor or physical therapist may recommend a prosthetic device to help in such conditions. Surgical procedures may be considered as a last resort for nerve treatment compression.